Charming, sociable, stubborn
People who are around during the day
Often referred to as a sausage dog, the Dachshund makes an endearing little friend who likes nothing more than playing and cuddling with its owner.
Originally bred as a scent hound, the Dachshund’s disproportionately long back and short legs gave it the edge when it came to chasing badgers and hares down into the burrows. The tough, muscular little dog was a great favourite with Queen Victoria’s husband Prince Albert.
Dachshunds come in two sizes - standard (just under 30 centimetres) and miniature (around 20 centimetres). Standards weigh around 10 kilograms and miniatures around five kilograms. Dachshund coats are most commonly short, but there are also long-haired and wire-coated varieties. Coats are usually black with brown markings or reddish brown but they can also be chocolate, cream or tan. Multicoloured pups are rare, but do occur.
This breed typically lives 12 to 17 years.
Dachshunds are social and full of personality. They are content to spend most of their time indoors, need little exercise and are good watchdogs.
Dachshunds form a special bond with their owners and relish companionship. They are not happy if left home alone for long periods.
Dachshunds can be obstinate and are known to be difficult to house train. Training is important to gently remind your Dachshund it is not in charge.
As Dachshunds have strong hunting instincts, it’s best to walk them on a leash in case they are tempted to take off. They are also gifted diggers.
Dachshunds’ spines need special consideration, especially when it comes to picking up your dog. Stairs and jumping on furniture should be avoided. Weight management is also critical to avoid putting extra stress on this breed’s back.
A Dachshund needs about 30 minutes of exercise a day. Two 15-minute walks would be ideal.
Patient, persistent training and socialisation will be necessary to discourage barking and other undesirable behaviour.
The rest of the time, a Dachshund will lap up all the attention you can give it.
Its coat is reasonably low maintenance. Keep your Dachshund’s ears clean as they can be prone to infection.
The most important medical issue with Dachshunds is their spinal problems. The very long spine is prone to injury. Disc rupture is a common problem and can lead to paralysis.
Dachshunds can also be prone to skin ailments, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, and eye problems.
Feed you Dachshund twice a day. As they can be greedy overeaters, remove any leftover food until the next meal.